Violence broke out on the Assam-Meghalaya border last day, killing 6 people. The violence took place when timber smuggling was stopped. A forest guard was also killed in the violence. Although this violence took place due to timber smuggling, it is common in these states to have violence due to border disputes as well. Despite several rounds of meetings between the Chief Ministers of both the states regarding the border dispute, no solution has been found. But do you know that apart from Assam and Meghalaya, there are many other states between which border disputes are going on. Let’s know which are these states and what is the issue in them…
Border dispute going on in these states
According to information, there are border disputes between Assam-Meghalaya, Assam-Mizoram, Haryana-Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh-Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra-Karnataka, Assam-Arunachal Pradesh and Assam-Nagaland. There is a dispute between the demarcation of the boundaries and the claims.
These are the seven inter-state border disputes-
Belgaum district is the site of one of the biggest inter-state border disputes in India. The district has a sizeable Marathi and Kannada speaking population and has long been the center of a region dispute. This area came under Karnataka in 1956 when the states were reorganized and till then this area was under Bombay Presidency.
2. Haryana-Himachal Pradesh
The Parwanoo region has been in news for the border dispute between the two states. It adjoins the Panchkula district of Haryana and because of this the state has staked its claim on parts of land in Himachal Pradesh.
The boundary dispute between Assam and Mizoram is a legacy of two British era notifications of 1875 and 1933. During the British period, when Mizoram was a district of Assam called the Lushai Hills, an 1875 notification separated the Lushai Hills from the Cachar plains and the other demarcated boundary between the Lushai Hills and Manipur. While Mizoram became a state only in 1987 after years of insurgency, the state still regards the boundary drawn in 1875 as its own.
Assam, on the other hand, wants back the territory liberated from its territory in 1986 on the basis of the 1933 notification. Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma says he will not accept the British-era order. At the same time, Mizoram says that the 1986 agreement is not acceptable because no consultation was held with the Mizo civil society at that time.
4. Ladakh-Himachal Pradesh
Himachal and Ladakh each claim Sarchu, an area on the route between Leh and Manali. It is considered a major part of the dispute where travelers stop when traveling between the two cities. Sarchu is in between Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal and Leh district of Ladakh.
5. Assam-Arunachal Pradesh
There is a dispute over forest areas in Arunachal and Assam. Arunachal states that the reorganization of the North Eastern states unilaterally transferred several forest areas to the plains that traditionally belonged to the hill tribal chiefs and communities of Assam. Explain that after Arunachal Pradesh attained statehood in 1987, a tripartite committee was appointed which recommended that some areas be transferred from Assam to Arunachal. However, Assam opposed it and the matter is now before the Supreme Court.
Trouble between Assam and Meghalaya started when Meghalaya challenged the Assam Reorganization Act of 1971. Blocks I and II of Mikir Hills or the present Karbi Anglong district were given to Assam under this Act. Meghalaya contends that both these blocks were part of the erstwhile United Khasi and Jaintia Hills District when it was notified in 1835. Explain that there is a dispute between the two states on 12 points, some of which have now been settled.
The longest running border dispute in the North East is between Assam and Nagaland, which started soon after Nagaland became a state in 1963. The Nagaland State Act of 1962 defined the boundaries of the state as per the 1925 notification when the Naga Hills and Tuensang Area (NHTA) were integrated into a new administrative unit. Nagaland, however, does not accept the boundary delineation.
And it has demanded that the new state should also include all Naga-dominated areas in North Cachar and Nagaon districts. Since Nagaland does not accept its notified boundaries, tensions arise between Assam and Nagaland and there is frequent violence.
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