Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj 343rd Death Anniversary: The great Maratha warrior Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj died on April 3, marking the anniversary of his death. The legendary Maratha king was renowned for his valour on the battlefield and was nicknamed the “Mountain Rat” for his speed.
According to historians, Shivaji was a genuine and compassionate leader who cared about his people and homeland. Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj passed away on April 3, 1680, as a result of a severe fever and dysentery.
Shivaji was known as the Father of Indian Navy
Chhatrapati Sivaji Maharaj was one of the few Indian leaders of his era who understood the significance of securing once water and deploying forces in the oceans. He believed it would assist him in preventing the Dutch, Portuguese, and British from invading Indian territory.
He also constructed the Jaigarh, Vijaydurg, and Sindhudurg naval forts. Shivaji became known as the ‘Father of the Indian Navy’ due to his strategies and contributions.
Shivaji Maharaj was secular
Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj believed that no one should be discriminated against on the basis of their religion. He even married his daughter to a man who had converted to Hinduism.
The Maratha Army was founded by Shivaji
Before Shivaji formed the Maratha Army, one of the world’s strongest armies, the Marathas had no army.
Chattrapati Shivaji was responsible for the formation of the Maratha army, in which numerous soldiers were compensated for their services throughout the year. Hindus and Muslims were appointed without discrimination to the army. Shivaji transformed a force of 2,000 men into a force of 10,000 men.
Shivaji Maharaj was a Feminist
Chattrapati Shivaji was one of the few rulers of his time who fought for the dignity of women and advocated for their equal rights. Shivaji Maharaj opposed violence and harassment against women. He was raised by a strong Marathi woman, JeejaBai.
It is also believed that women of the conquered territories were never harmed or taken as prisoners during Shivaji’s reign.
Lord Shiva had no influence on the naming of Shivaji
Chattrapati Shivaji’s name was not derived from the Hindu deity Shiva, but from a regional Maratha deity named Shivai.
A brilliant strategist
Shivaji Maharaj was able to win battles despite having limited resources at his disposal. Upon capturing the Torna fort, he introduced raiding warfare techniques. By 1655, he had captured the Kondan, Jawali, and Rajgarh forts by employing ingenious strategies that the adversaries did not anticipate.
A secular leader
During his reign, Shivaji attacked and defended against numerous armies. He was a man of ferocity, but he never attacked a place of worship. Shivaji regarded all religions with respect and believed in the coexistence of individuals with diverse beliefs. A significant number of his trusted warriors were Muslims.
A natural leader
Shivaji was able to lead an army of hundreds against an army of thousands and emerge victorious. During his reign, the Maratha Army grew from 2,000 to 10,000 soldiers, as a result of the people’s tremendous faith in his method.